History of Cat Litter
1st Generation of Cat Litter
Clay was used for litter, more cats transitioned to being indoor pets
Pros: Good odor control, clumping, inexpensive
Cons: Non-biodegradable, silicate dust concerns, heavy, unsustainable
2nd Generation of Cat Litter
Natural litter (e.g. corn, wheat, pine)
Pros: Biodegradable, lightweight, sustainable, clumping
Cons: Basic food products (high price variable), chemical sprays used during growth, could mold in humid/hot environments
3rd Generation of Cat litter
Natural grass litter - native vegetation of North America
Pros: Has all of the advantages of the previous generations, low cost materials, price stable, made from nonfood materials, no need for pesticides/fungicides/etc. for growth
What is Switchgrass?
Switchgrass is a hardy, natural grass that is exclusive to and grows in North America and does not require fertilization, use of chemical sprays (pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides) or use of toxins for growth. It is a biodegradable, flush able material. Primarily used for flood control, landscaping and thermal fuel (pelletized form).
What is BioChar?
BioChar is a highly absorbent, non-marking, specially produced activated carbon. Due to its absorptive properties, it's used for water absorption, retention, and odor control. Biochar is made using the pyrolysis process to convert natural wood chips to an activated, non-marking carbon that is proven to be highly odor and moisture absorbent. During pyrolysis, the volatile gases are collected and used as clean burning fuel while the CO2 is trapped in the pine wood with minimal CO2 release into the atmosphere.
Why Switchgrass with BioChar?
- Holds waste odors with activated carbon traps
- High water absorption
- Solid clumping action
- Biodegradable - not apt to cause problems, similar to clay litters if inhaled
- Minimal dust
Top performer across variety of criteria
- Odor Control - No odor after 10 min.
- Moisture absorption - 25 g of litter submerged in 1000mL of water for 5 minutes, drained for 2 min.
- Clumping - After 10 min., retained 95% of initial clump, after 1 hour, retained 90%, after 6 hours, retained 85%.
- Clump Strength - Immediately and dropping at 12", 80% or more of initial clump still intact, after 24 hours and dropping at 12", 40% or more of initial clump intact.
- Low Dust - 2% or less dust
Source: Bureau Veritas Testing, February 2016.